Recent Advances in Gastro Education

The millennium provides an opportunity to contemplate and review the recent past and to plan for the future. The last half century, in particular, has been the golden age of gastroenterology, wherein rigorous, scientifically based medicine has revolutionized gastrointestinal diagnosis and therapy. The technologic fantasy and science fiction of 50 years ago has become the real and commonplace. The peptic ulcer that was treated by the Sippy meal, gastric freezing, or gastric radiation 50 years ago is now treated by scientifically based pharmacotherapy, including potent proton-pump inhibitors and antimicrobial therapy. The awkward, painful, and sometimes dangerous semi-flexible endoscope of 42 years ago has been replaced by the simple, convenient, and safe flexible endoscope.